Urban Health and SDGs

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which were adopted by 193 United Nations (UN) Member States, will be the focus of the international community's attention from 2016 to 2030. The SDGs' health goal (goal 3) has 13 targets that focus on promoting and guaranteeing healthy living for people of all ages. By setting objectives for maternal and child health, infectious illnesses, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), universal health coverage (UHC), and environmental health, this aim greatly expands the scope of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Ten targets make up the city goal (goal 11) , which aims to make cities more diverse, secure, resilient, and sustainable. These ten targets address a range of crucial concerns that build the structural and social fabric of a city, including housing, transportation, the economy, and the environment.

It's essential that cities are being given priority on the global development agenda for the first time. The major causes of this growing attention are two. First off, since 2008, urbanization has increased dramatically over the world. By 2050, it is anticipated that two out of every three people would reside in urban areas, with this percentage expected to keep increasing. The quality of life enjoyed internationally in the future will be influenced by the economic, social, and environmental effects of cities. Second, cities are taking the lead in addressing concerns related to public health, food security, and other aspects of global development. Municipal and local governments have the capacity to respond quickly to these concerns and collectively have a considerable influence on both the national and international levels.

Similarly, Bangladesh is also urbanizing rapidly. Urban slums and poverty have reached crisis proportions. The already difficult living conditions of the poor in Dhaka are exacerbated by the city's extremely high population density and its deteriorating city infrastructure. While economic policymakers have traditionally focused on rural issues, recent attention has shifted to urban ones. The experts all agree that the poor in cities have a lower quality of life than those in the countryside. Since the population has become city-centric, and future generations will most likely reside in cities, it is crucial that Bangladesh ensure a good health infrastructure in urban areas. The government must put more resources into urban health to make sure that people live a healthy life.